Tag Archives: POME

Slude Limbah Cair Pabrik Sawit Bisa untuk Pupuk Organik, Ini literaturnya

THE POTENTIAL OF TREATED PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT (POME) SLUDGE AS AN ORGANIC FERTILIZER

Mohd Nizar Khairuddin, Abdul Jamil Zakaria, Isharudin Md Isa, Hamdan Jol, Wan Mohd. Nazri Wan Abdul Rahman, Mohd. Kamarul Syahid Salleh

Abstract

Palm oil mill contributed a significant benefit to agro-based industry and social-economic for Malaysia. Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is considered as a polluted wastewater and the treated POME sludge was produced from the open treatment ponds. The objective of this study was to determine the physicochemical characteristics of treated POME sludge and its potential as an organic fertilizer. It was collected from the dumping ponds in Felda Jengka 8, palm oil mill. Physicochemical characteristics, sampling and preparation of samples were analyzed according to the standard method of soil and the wastewater. The samples were collected after one and six month of age with different depths (one, two and three meters). The statistical analysis revealed that the depth was not significant on the physicochemical characteristics. The characteristics of the treated POME sludge was measures using CHNS-O, C/N ratio, solid analysis, heavy metal, macro and micronutrient, moisture content, and pH. However, the elements of oxygen, iron and pH were shown an interaction effects with time. In conclusion, the treated POME sludge has shown significant effect and the potential used as an organic fertilizer. Indeed, further studies on crops response are being conducted to prove the findings.

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Memperkirakan Jumlah Limbah Pabrik Kelapa Sawit

Mencari data statistik resmi jumlah limbah pabrik kelapa sawit di Indonesia tidak akan ketemu. Data resmi yang ada biasanya adalah jumlah produksi CPO, luas panen dan luas perkebunan sawit. Data limbah sawit diperkirakan dari data-data statistik tersebut. Jadi data-data limbah pabrik kelapa sawit adalah data perkiraan yang dihitung berdasarkan neraca massa pabrik kelapa sawit (PKS). Neraca massa ini bisa diambil dari buku atau literatur ilmiah. Mungkin saja data-data ini tidak sama antar literatur. Beberapa literatur yang sering saya pakai untuk memperkirakan jumlah limbah PKS adalah Lacrosse (2004) atau Hayashi (2007). Dari data statistik perkebunan kelapa sawit yang sudah saya posting sebelumnya bisa dihitung jumlah limbah PKS. Limbah ata produk samping yang dihasilkan dari pengolahan TBS (Tandan Buah Segar) sawit di PKS antara lain adalah: TKKS (tandan kosong kelapa sawit), serat/fiber, cangkan/kernel, limbah cair/POME.

neraca pabrik kelapa sawit

Neraca massa pengolahan TBS menjadi CPO di pabrik kelapa sawit (Lacrosse, 2004).

neraca pabrik kelapa sawit

Neraca pengolahan TBS menjadi CPO di pabrik kelapa sawit (Hayashi, 2007)